top of page

Responsible Recycling

Legal Compliance of R2 Certification 

Legal compliance is one of the most important facets of R2 Certification as it is designed to ensure that electronics are recycled in a way that is safe for the environment, and for human health, and that it complies with all applicable laws and regulations.

In fact, legal compliance is a cornerstone of the R2 Certification. Adhering to legal requirements ensures that electronics recyclers operate within the bounds of the law, maintain high standards of environmental and worker safety, and contribute to sustainable practices. Compliance with legal standards also protects businesses from legal liabilities and enhances their reputation with customers and stakeholders.

Various Types of Law Relevant to R2 Certification

1. Environmental Laws

R2 Certified facilities must comply with all local, state, national, and international environmental laws. This includes laws related to the handling, storage, transportation, and disposal of hazardous materials. Key regulations often include:

  • Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA): Governs the disposal of hazardous waste.

  • Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act (CERCLA): Also known as Superfund, addresses hazardous waste sites.

  • Electronic Waste Recycling Act: Enforces recycling and disposal practices for electronic devices.

2. Occupational Health and Safety

Protecting workers' health and safety is a critical aspect of legal compliance for R2 Certification. Facilities must comply with:

  • Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) standards in the United States

  • European Agency for Safety and Health at Work (EU-OSHA) regulations in the European Union

  • International Labor Organization (ILO) standards for global operations


3. Data Security and Privacy Laws

Given the sensitive nature of data stored in electronic devices, R2 Certified facilities must ensure proper data destruction methods. Compliance with data privacy laws is essential, including:

  • General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) in the European Union

  • California Consumer Privacy Act (CCPA) in the United States

  • Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA) for healthcare-related information


4. Import and Export Regulations

R2 Certified companies involved in the international shipment of electronic waste must adhere to various import and export laws. This includes:

  • Basel Convention: Controls transboundary movements of hazardous wastes and their disposal

  • U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) regulations on e-waste exports

  • EU Waste Shipment Regulation (WSR): Governs the transportation of waste within, into, and out of the European Union

bottom of page